Lead exposure mainly occurs as a result of inhaling dust and ingesting paint chips. But stark statistics according to the United State Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimate that well over 20% of human exposure to lead may stem from lead in drinking water. EPA, an organization charged with the responsibility of regulation lead levels in drinking water, has predetermined safe lead levels in drinking water that must be adhered to. According to EPA, Lead concentration level must not go beyond action level of 15 ppb, while copper concentration level must not exceed an action level of 1.3 ppm in more than 10% of clients’ taps sampled. If concentration levels supersede the standard set levels, Tucson water must take measures to mitigate corrosion and inform the public about steps they should follow to protect their health, or better still, replace lead pipes in their homes entirely. See here how to check, if your tap water contains dangerous portion of copper.
Tucson Water, for more than 20 years now, has been in the forefront in ensuring safe lead levels in drinking water across the city of Tucson. They have even gone to homes to test lead levels right from customers’ taps and consistently found that they meet EPA’s standards.
Potential health effects of lead
Exposure to lead, even at low levels, can have devastating effects on human health. The paradox is that the effects of lead exposure are not easily manifested. Although lead and copper exposure affects just about any human, children, 6 years and below, bear the biggest brunt because this is the time their brain is developing, and their bodies absorb metals at a higher degree compared to an average adult. In children, exposure to lead results in lower cognitive capabilities and hyperactivity, stunted growth, problems with hearing, behavioral changes and can also lead to anemia. Other rare symptoms include coma, seizures or even death.
In pregnant women, lead exposure can result in premature birth and slow down in fetus growth. In adults, low-level exposure might not have significant effects, but over exposure can lead to reduced kidney functionality, problems with reproduction, cardiovascular-related complication including hypertension and high blood pressure.
As you see, this can be very dangerous, and if you feel your tap water is contaminated by copper or lead, do not hesitate to call our plumbing company. We will inspect the water system and try to come up with an affordable and effective solution. Get more info.
Potential health effects of copper
This reddish-brown metal is commonly utilized as a plumbing material in commercial and residential buildings. Copper is a vital nutrient in the human body, but overconsumption can result in anemia, liver and kidney damage, stomach and intestinal agony. Those suffering from Wilson’s disease might experience severe risks of copper over exposure than the rest of the public.
Lead and copper get in drinking water through corrosion of home plumbing materials that were manufactured using lead and copper materials. This corrosion is prevalent in buildings built before 1989. After 1989, restrictions were placed on the use of lead in water distribution systems. Lead and copper exposure is even more pronounced when water is in contact with water distribution pipes for extended durations.
According to TucsonAZ.gov, because of the adverse effects of lead and copper, Tucson Water initiated an ambitious voluntary program in the city of Tucson and beyond, dubbed ‘’Tucson Water’s Lead Public Health Goal 2019 Program.” This program illuminates the masses on the dangers of lead in drinking water and determines and suggests effective ways to mitigate risks of exposure majorly through the complete removal of the corroded lead line and replacing with a new lead line and consequent follow-up testing.